Oxygen tension of the vaginal surface during sexual stimulation in the human. Since SSc produces microvascular and macrovascular damage, vasoactive drugs could be used to treat genital dysfunction in SSc women. A correlation between reduced clitoral blood flow and a decrease in sexual function was seen in all domains of the FSFI score, except for desire.
Some authors have suggested that the anterior vaginal wall acts to transmit forces generated during intercourse to the clitoris [ 3 ]. This issue, however, has been poorly investigated and it is unclear how diabetes leads to sexual disorders in women [ 59 ]. Rather, it appears to involve multidimensional biologic, psychologic, and interpersonal aspects [ 49 , 50 ]. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. Median disease and RP duration were 7 1—17 and 8. D RI in SSc women with or without digital ulcers.
There is a significant increase in clitoral cavernosal pressure as well . With the onset of increased vaginal blood flow, production of vaginal. Arch Sex Behav. Feb;24(1) Clitoral blood flow increases following vaginal pressure stimulation. Lavoisier P(1), Aloui R, Schmidt MH, Watrelot A.
The female genital organs consist of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, bulbs of the vestibule , and vagina. Arousal may be secondary to audio-visual stimuli, fantasy, or genital stimulation. In humans, clitoral blood flow has been estimated to increase from 4 to 11 times baseline during sexual stimulation [ 24 ].
Diabetes mellitus, which is known to cause erectile dysfunction in men, may interfere with sexual function in women [ 55 - 58 ]. Citing articles via Web of Science 8. The body, consisting of paired corpora with an incomplete septum between them, is 1 to 2 cm wide and 2 to 4 cm long [ 1 ]. The lateral surface is covered with variable amounts of coarse hair while the medial surface is hairless and contains a large number of sebaceous glands. The physical effects of diabetes on sexuality in women. In the resting phase , the vagina is a sheath containing a potential space with a minimal blood flow and very low oxygen tension in the wall [ 17 , 18 ].
Sexual dysfunction affects both men and women, involving organic disorders, psychological problems, or both. Overall, the state of our knowledge is less advanced regarding female sexual physiology in comparison with male sexual function. Female sexual dysfunction has received Clitoris blood pressure clinical and basic research attention and remains a largely untapped field in medicine. The epidemiology of female sexual dysfunction is poorly understood because relatively few studies Clitoris blood pressure been done in community settings. Several studies have shown that the prevalence of female sexual arousal disorders correlates significantly with increasing age. These studies have shown that sexual arousal and frequency of coitus in the female decreases with increasing age. The pathophysiology of female sexual dysfunction appears more complex than that of males, involving multidimensional hormonal, neurological, vascular, psychological, and interpersonal aspects.